Simply put, a logical reasoning test measures an individual's ability to analyze information, problem-solve, draw meaningful conclusions from the evidence presented, as well as one’s ability to reason in a coherent and logical manner. To achieve this objective these tests typically present an applicant with a series of written passages and/or non-verbal content such as pictures and diagrams.
Types of logical reasoning assessments include Inductive and Deductive Reasoning tests. Descriptions of both types of reasoning, how they are often presented to candidates in a testing environment, as well as frequently asked questions are provided below.
Deductive reasoning begins with one or more general statements (premises) or hypotheses and examines a situation to reach a conclusion that is perceived to be logical. For example, consider the statements:
Deductive reasoning tests are usually presented as a series of short paragraphs where a candidate is asked to arrive at the most logical conclusion based on the premises. The most logical conclusion will usually be presented among other less logical conclusions in the form of a multiple-choice response-type, though sometimes conclusions could be presented in true-false format.
Inductive reasoning uses specific information (premises) to arrive at broader, generalised conclusions. However, while the conclusion of a deductive argument is expected to be absolutely certain, the conclusion of an inductive argument is a probable one, based on the evidence provided. An inductive argument’s conclusion can therefore never be 100% guaranteed, and as such could be seen as a ‘best guess’. For example, consider the statements:
Inductive reasoning tests typically require candidates to make general inferences (probable conclusions) based on shapes, patterns, sequences, and diagrams. Based on this information, test takers are asked to quickly ascertain relationships and rules, and then apply these to find the most logical (probable) answer from a set of multiple-choice options.
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The Reasoning Test-R allows you to assess a candidate’s logical, numerical and verbal reasoning abilities for their intelligence quotient (IQ). It helps to improve the reliability of your hiring decision by comparing candidates on the basis of an objective criteria. The Reasoning Test-R is available as a full version labelled Reasoning Test (Corporate)- 40 miniutes and a shorter version as Reasoning Test 20 minutes.
The candidate receives an overall calibrated rating and detailed results by factor:
Recommended for assessing intellectual capacities such as reasoning, abstract thinking, analytical and critical thinking capacities of professionals such as sales persons, entrepreneurs, managers, and other office executives.
Online - desktop / tablet, Online - mobile
Online - desktop / tablet, Online - mobile
Deductive reasoning is particularly important for jobs that require a high level of interaction and teamwork, such as customer service roles, client-relationship managers, and project managers.
On the other hand, inductive reasoning is often seen as particularly important for more technically oriented jobs such as engineers, scientists, and software developers.
Logical reasoning and other tests measuring intelligence tend to show higher levels of adverse impact than other common assessments, such as Situational Judgement Tests, or structured interviews. It is therefore often recommended to combine scores on logical reasoning tests with other assessments to reduce bias against ethnic minority groups.
Not necessarily. Each type of logical reasoning test challenges a different set of skills. The perceived level of difficulty therefore tends to be associated with the candidate’s innate ability in the particular type of reasoning.
Yes, but only by a little. As with most things in life, candidates who practice these tests tend to be able to elevate their scores. However, given these tests are meant to assess innate ability, scores for candidates tend to stay the same.
Yes, practicing appears to help with candidate satisfaction. Being presented with these tests for the first time could be somewhat shocking if not done before, which in itself may be enough to affect a candidate’s score.