Simply put, a logical reasoning test measures an individual's ability to analyze information, problem-solve, draw meaningful conclusions from the evidence presented, as well as one’s ability to reason in a coherent and logical manner. To achieve this objective these tests typically present an applicant with a series of written passages and/or non-verbal content such as pictures and diagrams.
Types of logical reasoning assessments include Inductive and Deductive Reasoning tests. Descriptions of both types of reasoning, how they are often presented to candidates in a testing environment, as well as frequently asked questions are provided below.
Deductive reasoning begins with one or more general statements (premises) or hypotheses and examines a situation to reach a conclusion that is perceived to be logical. For example, consider the statements:
Deductive reasoning tests are usually presented as a series of short paragraphs where a candidate is asked to arrive at the most logical conclusion based on the premises. The most logical conclusion will usually be presented among other less logical conclusions in the form of a multiple-choice response-type, though sometimes conclusions could be presented in true-false format.
Inductive reasoning uses specific information (premises) to arrive at broader, generalised conclusions. However, while the conclusion of a deductive argument is expected to be absolutely certain, the conclusion of an inductive argument is a probable one, based on the evidence provided. An inductive argument’s conclusion can therefore never be 100% guaranteed, and as such could be seen as a ‘best guess’. For example, consider the statements:
Inductive reasoning tests typically require candidates to make general inferences (probable conclusions) based on shapes, patterns, sequences, and diagrams. Based on this information, test takers are asked to quickly ascertain relationships and rules, and then apply these to find the most logical (probable) answer from a set of multiple-choice options.
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Also known as diagrammatic or inductive reasoning - Measures general intellect and ability to work with new concepts and ideas. Candidates are expected to predict next in the sequence using rational strategies.
For roles where candidates will need to deal with complex data, identify patters trends and rules to solve logical problems. Sometimes known as inductive or diagrammatic reasoning tests, the tests are non-verbal and adopt a multiple choice format under timed conditions. Candidates are presented with a series of shapes or patterns and asked to deduce what comes next, or what is missing.
Expert - Utopia : This suite contains high level reasoning tests for top level managers, professionals or graduates. This level containes 16 questions to be completed in 45 min.
Enhanced - B2C: Our most widely used suite of assessments, applicable for entry and mid-level roles. For example, customer service and administration. This level containes 16 questions to be completed in 24 min.
ABOUT THE CRITERION COGNITIVE ABILITY TESTS
Cognitive ability or aptitude tests are an objective way of measuring an individual’s performance on different work related tasks or situations. They tap into reasoning skills and are therefore a measure of potential, rather than academic performance or stored knowledge.
They provide employers with an indication of how people will perform in a work setting and so are frequently used to decide whether a candidate has the baseline cognitive ‘firepower’ necessary to be successful in the role.
We provide the following coginitive ability tests:
When used alongside other psychometrics, such as personality questionnaires or scenario based tests, employers are able to build up a holistic picture of how the individual would behave in the role.
The Reasoning Test-R allows you to assess a candidate’s logical, numerical and verbal reasoning abilities for their intelligence quotient (IQ). It helps to improve the reliability of your hiring decision by comparing candidates on the basis of an objective criteria. The Reasoning Test-R is available as a full version labelled Reasoning Test (Corporate)- 40 miniutes and a shorter version as Reasoning Test 20 minutes.
The candidate receives an overall calibrated rating and detailed results by factor:
Recommended for assessing intellectual capacities such as reasoning, abstract thinking, analytical and critical thinking capacities of professionals such as sales persons, entrepreneurs, managers, and other office executives.
Online - desktop / tablet, Online - mobile
Online - desktop / tablet, Online - mobile
Deductive reasoning is particularly important for jobs that require a high level of interaction and teamwork, such as customer service roles, client-relationship managers, and project managers.
On the other hand, inductive reasoning is often seen as particularly important for more technically oriented jobs such as engineers, scientists, and software developers.
Logical reasoning and other tests measuring intelligence tend to show higher levels of adverse impact than other common assessments, such as Situational Judgement Tests, or structured interviews. It is therefore often recommended to combine scores on logical reasoning tests with other assessments to reduce bias against ethnic minority groups.
Not necessarily. Each type of logical reasoning test challenges a different set of skills. The perceived level of difficulty therefore tends to be associated with the candidate’s innate ability in the particular type of reasoning.
Yes, but only by a little. As with most things in life, candidates who practice these tests tend to be able to elevate their scores. However, given these tests are meant to assess innate ability, scores for candidates tend to stay the same.
Yes, practicing appears to help with candidate satisfaction. Being presented with these tests for the first time could be somewhat shocking if not done before, which in itself may be enough to affect a candidate’s score.